What is a cystoscopy?

A cystoscopy is an examination of the urethra and the bladder. Your urologist will use a cystoscope to perform the procedure at our Diagnostics and Treatment Center (OBC). A cystoscope is a flexible tube with a camera.

Further diagnostics

If an abnormality was found, your urologist will take a tissue biopsy for further analysis at the lab. The area will be numbed using a lubricating numbing jelly before the insertion of the cystoscope.

What to expect

A cystoscopy - how does it work?

You will be lying on an exam table with your legs bare and apart in stirrups. We will clean the area surrounding the urethra with water and insert the numbing jelly. 

Once the area is adequately numbed, your urologist will insert the cystoscope into the bladder through the urethra. We will fill the bladder with a sterile saline solution for a better view of the lining. 

Your urologist will then inspect the lining of the bladder and urethra, as well as the prostate (if applicable). If any abnormalities are found, your urologist will take a tissue biopsy for further analysis at the lab. 


No special preparations are needed before a cystoscopy. 

Despite the numbing jelly, you may experience discomfort during the insertion of the cystoscope. You may feel the need to urinate as the bladder fills with the saline solution. 

Please consult your doctor if you would like someone to accompany you during the procedure. 

After the procedure

If your doctor did not find any abnormalities, you will receive your results immediately. If tissue biopsies were taken, you will receive the results of the analysis after approximately 10 weekdays. We will schedule a consultation with you to discuss the results at the clinic.

You will have to empty out the saline solution in your bladder through urination. Your urethra may be sensitive for a few days following the procedure. You can alleviate the burning sensation by drinking plenty of water. Your urine may appear red for several days. 

Please contact your practicing physician if you experience a fever, if you are in a lot of pain, or if the urinary problems remain. 

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