What is a hysteroscopy?

A hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your physician to examine your uterus through a hysteroscope, a thin tube that is inserted into the vagina. During the procedure, your gynecologist can immediately remove polyps or other small anomalies. 


To examine the inside of the uterus, your gynecologist will pump fluids into the uterus through the hysteroscope, which will make it easier to see. The hysteroscope is usually connected to a camera, so you can view the procedure on a screen. 

Your gynecologist will discuss the results with your practicing physician. You will receive your results during your next visit to the Netherlands Cancer Institute. 

What to expect

Hysteroscopy - how does it work?

You will lie on the gynecological examination table with your lower half uncovered and your legs spread apart in supports. Your gynecologist may perform an internal examination to assess the size and position of the uterus. If necessary, your gynecologist will slightly dilate the cervix. Fluids are pumped into the uterus through the hysteroscope for a better view of the uterus. The procedure will take about 15 minutes. You may experience a feeling similar to menstrual cramps during and after the hysteroscopy. 


We prefer to schedule your hysteroscopy during a week when you are not menstruating. However, blood flow is not a problem if you are having your an examination due to heavy blood loss. If you do not take birth control pills, please schedule the hysteroscopy during the first half of your monthly cycle, before your ovulation.

After the procedure

You can directly go home after the procedure. You may experience pain or general discomfort. We recommend bringing someone with you to your appointment who can help you get home.

You may experience blood loss or brown discharge for several days after your procedure. Please refrain from having sex until this has passed.


Important: If you are trying to get pregnant, please schedule your hysteroscopy before a potential conception. Please notify your physician if you are pregnant.

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