Melanoma

Melanoma is a malignant mole and aggressive type of skin cancer. These moles may appear on the skin out of nowhere, although most melanomas develop out of existing moles that were already somewhat abnormal, or large moles that have been present since birth. Melanomas can develop anywhere on the body or membranes. The tumor might spread to the lymph nodes and bloodstream and may reappear after removal.

Find out more about the symptoms and types of melanoma, and the most commonly used diagnostic tests and treatment types for melanoma on this page, as well as the frequently asked questions.

Visit the NKI Skin and Melanoma Center to read more about our specialists, patient satisfaction rates, and innovation.

Causes and symptoms

Melanoma may develop after sunburn (especially in early childhood) and sunbed use. There may be a hereditary component. A melanoma looks different from other moles, or – if developed from an existing mole – will change its appearance over time. Most melanomas itch or bleed.

7 days

rapid diagnostics

You can usually get rapid diagnostics within seven days

Diagnosis

The following diagnostic tests may be done to confirm or rule out melanoma and its metastases:

Treatment options

Your exact treatment options will depend on the tumor type and stage. Your overall health and shape will also affect your options. We will inform you about the process beforehand, and you will have plenty of time to ask questions. Your treatment will most likely consist of one or more of the following options: